It’s weather is: 3.2 ° C minimum in July and maximum 23.3 ° C in October. Its climate is varied, there are no marine winds and humid conditions, temperate in the middle altitudes and cold in the heights with glacial formations.
The department of Arequipa was created by General Don José de San Martin on April 26, 1822
It is located in the south of Peru, with an altitude of 2335 m.a.s.l. and an area of 63,345.39 km2. Its limits are Ica, Ayacucho, Cusco, Puno, Apurimac, Moquegua and the Pacific Ocean. Its capital Arequipa was founded on August 15, 1540
The characteristic of this department is the presence of the Western Cordillera of the southern and central Andes. The relief is very rugged, of irregular topography, with coastal and mountain areas. The desert is a narrow strip between the Andes and the sea. The valleys are deep and the largest area of the department is occupied by the mountain range of the Andes.
The city was founded on August 15, 1540, under the name of “Villa hermosa de nuestra señora de la asunción” in the name of the Marquis Francisco Pizarro but on September 22, 1541 the monarch Carlos V ordered change the name “Arequipa”
In the beginning Arequipa was the home of nomadic populations dedicated to hunting, fishing and agriculture, many communities were that settled in the current city of Arequipa as the Yarabayas, which settled where is now the Barrio de San Lázaro, Another community was the Chimbas, who settled on the left bank of the river, which together with Collaguas communities developed an agrarian economy in the middle of the desert. Around 1170 the Inca Mayta Cápac who was traveling from Cusco, stopped with his army in a deserted valley, which he called “Ari-quepay” (let’s stay here), this Inca distributed land among three thousand families, who founded the hamlets or villages of Yanahuara, Cayma, Tiabaya, Paucarpata, Socabaya, Characato, Chiguata and others.
During the viceroyalty the city was the commercial hub of the center and south of the country, Arequipa was a city faithful to the Spanish for what was called the very noble and loyal, however was not alien to the thoughts of freedom and rebellion among the most outstandings heroes are the poet Mariano Melgar, who was shot by the Spaniards for revealing himself in the battle of Huamachiri and the founder of the Lauretana Academy of Sciences and Arts Evaristo Gómez Sánchez. Arequipa has a great volcano called Misti which is active and the last eruption occurred in 1985, volcanic remains such as the ashlar was used for the construction of houses, so it has a white color and the city is called “The white city”
AREQUIPA IN THE PRESENT:
Arequipa is a beautiful city, with a pleasant climate and friendly population. It is a very quiet city with a clean and tidy historical center. The population starts their daily activities early and they also finish early, at 11 o’clock at night there are no people in the streets and most shops are closed, unlike other cities in Peru such as Cusco or Lima that have a nightlife very active. The airport of Arequipa is called Alfredo Rodríguez Ballón and is located 30 minutes from downtown, it is the third most important airport in Peru for its air traffic, after Lima and Cusco.
Arequipa usually has a very nice climate, however if you travel to Colca you should bring warm clothes because the temperature in the canyon are very cold, and in summer there are usually rains that can be intense, unlike other departments the streets of Arequipa were not designed to heavy rains. The gastronomy in Arequipa is well known, its flag dishes are: rocoto relleno, adobo Arequipeño, chupe de camarones and others. There are many traditional restaurants to enjoy these dishes especially in the center of the city.
Arequipa is a very cultured and safe city. It is a city in full development and undoubtedly an economic power for Peru. There are places for night entertainment such as bars, discos, karaoke and others and most are in the center of the city, but not have a very active nightlife.