Huaraz has a temperate weather, sunny during the day and cold at night, with rains between the months of December to April. The annual temperature is 5 ° C minimum and maximum 21 ° C. The dry season or Andean summer occurs from the month of April to November. Due to its meteorological conditions the vegetation is scarce and in the valleys the natural pastures (Ichu) predominate.
The department of Ancash was created on February 12, 1821, when General José de San Martin was in Huaura, so in the beginning this department was called Huaylas, however its capital Huaraz, was created in 1574
Ancash, is located on the Northwest of Peru with an altitude of 3091 m.a.s.l. has an area of 35,825.57 km. It borders Huánuco, La Libertad, Lima, and the Pacific Ocean. Its capital Huaraz, is located at 3,052 m.a.s.l. In the Callejón de Huaylas
The department of Ancash has a population of 1 063 459 inhabitants and its capital Huaraz has 128 041 inhabitants, the political division of Ancash includes the following provinces, Aija, Antonio Raimondi, Asunción, Bolognesi, Carhuas, Carlos Fermín, Casma, Corongo, Huari, Huaraz, Huarmey, Huaylas, Mariscal Luzuriaga, Ocros, Pallasca, Pomabamba, Recuay, Santa, Sihuas and Yungay
Before the Hispanic era in Peru, it was possible to appreciate human presence in this place from the year 10 000 BC. That corresponds to the time of gatherers and hunters, whose sample is the Cave of Guitarrero in front of the town of Mancos, in the current province of Yungay, During the Early Horizon the Chavín culture was developed and later the urbanism with the development of the Waras town and its Pumacayán center. The Chavin culture was the most outstanding of all cultures due to its artistic and religious influences present in other contemporary cultures. the archaeologist Julio César Tello (known as the “father of Peruvian archeology”) was who discovered it and considered it the “matrix culture” or “mother of the Andean civilizations”, however recent discoveries suggest that the civilization of Caral –of Late Pre-ceramic period- is older than Chavín. According to Julio C. Tello, the Chavin culture originated in the Amazon, due to the jungle iconography they represented in their ceramics. The Chavín culture developed more to the north – central part of ancient Peru, and although it was very important in the history of Peru, it did not influence much in the southern part, when we talk about Chavín, we must certainly mention the great temples that they built along the Peruvian Andes, such as Chavín de Huantar, an underground temple located in Huaraz. The territory of Huaraz has a very rich history and its territory has innumerable natural attractions such as the Alpamayo mountain, considered the most beautiful in the world, hot springs, lagoons and green valleys that make Huaraz a tourist destination due to its history, natural attractions, and action sports.
HUARAZ IN THE PRESENT:
Huaraz is a beautiful city with a unique cultural and natural wealth in Peru, from the arrival either by plane or by car you can see extensive pampas and snowy peaks as well as lagoons (Ancash has more than 200 lagoons) and valleys with incredible landscapes . Huaraz is not a very big city, it is a city where you can breathe pure air and it is surrounded by mountains, Huaraz is a quiet land, and safe in general, however it is advisable to leave much of the city center. Its main square is very nice, the tourism is one of the most important activities in Huaraz, so its inhabitants are very friendly and attentive.
Huaraz and a large part of the department of Ancash was not immune to the social problems that occurred in Peru, In 1990 the terrorism reached this part of Peru, Huaraz has unique places in the world and due the climate changes are in danger of disappearing, during your visit cause the least possible impact.